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Nature Park Biokovo: Exploring the Diverse Flora and Fauna

Welcome to Nature Park Biokovo, a truly breathtaking natural wonder located in the heart of Croatia you should put on your must-see list! If you’re looking for an unforgettable adventure that will immerse you in the stunning beauty of this Mediterranean country, then you’ve come to the right place.

Biokovo is a mountain range that spans over 30 kilometers, rising majestically from the Adriatic Sea. Its towering peaks, deep valleys, and rugged cliffs are home to a diverse range of plant and animal species, making it an ideal destination for nature lovers, hikers, and adventurers alike.

Nature Park Biokovo 2

With its stunning vistas, crystal-clear streams, and hidden waterfalls, the park is a must-visit destination for anyone looking to explore the natural beauty of Croatia. Whether you’re seeking a thrilling hike or a leisurely stroll, you’re sure to find something that will capture your imagination and leave you with stories you’ll be telling for years.

So, if you’re ready to discover the wonders of Nature Park Biokovo, then grab your hiking boots, pack your bags, and join us on an unforgettable journey through one of the most stunning natural landscapes in Croatia.

Explore divine flora of Nature Park Biokovo

There are many species of plants that can be found in Biokovo Nature Park. Due to its diverse topography and climatic conditions, the park is home to a wide variety of plant life.

Dalmatian oak (Quercus pubescens) – a type of oak tree that is common in the Mediterranean region, including Biokovo. It can grow up to 20 meters tall and has distinctive leaves with a hairy underside.

Bosnian pine (Pinus heldreichii) – a species of pine tree that is found in the western Balkans, including Biokovo. It is known for its twisted and gnarled branches and can grow up to 25 meters tall.

Biokovo bellflower (Campanula tommasiniana) – a rare and endemic species of flowering plant that is found only in Biokovo. It has distinctive bell-shaped flowers and can grow up to 50 cm tall.

Biokovo sage (Salvia officinalis subsp. Biokovensis) – another endemic species that is found only in Biokovo. It is a type of sage that has adapted to the park’s harsh climatic conditions and rocky terrain.

Dalmatian pyrethrum (Tanacetum cinerariifolium) – a species of flowering plant that is known for its insecticidal properties. It is commonly found in the Mediterranean region, including Biokovo.

Common heather (Calluna vulgaris) – a low-growing shrub with pinkish-purple flowers that blooms in the late summer and fall.


Yellow horned-poppy (Glaucium flavum) – a distinctive plant with yellow-orange flowers and long, curved seedpods.

Croatian bellflower (Campanula croatica) – a species of bellflower that is endemic to Croatia and can be found in Biokovo. It has large blue flowers and grows up to 60 cm tall.

Black mulberry (Morus nigra) – a deciduous tree that produces edible fruit. It is common in the Mediterranean region, including Biokovo. 

Black mulberry (Morus nigra)
Black mulberry (Morus nigra)

Wild thyme (Thymus serpyllum) – a low-growing herb that is commonly found in rocky, mountainous terrain. It has aromatic leaves and purple flowers.

Wild orchids (Orchidaceae) – Biokovo is home to several species of wild orchids, including the lady orchid (Orchis purpurea), the bee orchid (Ophrys apifera), and the lizard orchid (Himantoglossum hircinum). 

Fauna of Biokovo

Biokovo Nature Park is not only a haven for plant life, but it is also home to a rich variety of animal species. From soaring birds of prey to elusive mammals, the park’s diverse habitats provide shelter and food for a range of creatures. Here are some examples of the fauna you may encounter while exploring Biokovo Nature Park.

Biokovo Nature Park is renowned for its population of birds of prey. Visitors to the park can expect to see majestic species such as the golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), and goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) soaring high above the mountain peaks. Other raptor species that can be found in the park include the common buzzard (Buteo buteo) and kestrel (Falco tinnunculus).


Despite its rugged terrain, Biokovo Nature Park is home to a variety of mammal species. The park’s rocky cliffs provide shelter for chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra), a species of mountain goat that is native to Europe. Other mammals that can be found in the park include wild boar (Sus scrofa), foxes (Vulpes vulpes), and badgers (Meles meles). Biokovo is also home to a small population of European brown bears (Ursus arctos), although they are rarely seen by visitors.

Nature Park Biokovo fox

It is home to several species of reptiles, including the European green lizard (Lacerta viridis) and the Dalmatian wall lizard (Podarcis melisellensis). Visitors may also come across the Montpellier snake (Malpolon monspessulanus), a non-venomous species that is commonly found in the Mediterranean region.

European green lizard
Source: Wikipedia, Uoaei1

Biokovo Nature Park is a haven for insect life, with numerous species of butterflies, moths, and beetles calling the park home. One of the most notable insect species found in the park is the Balkan horned beetle (Rosalia alpina), a large and striking beetle with distinctive black and white markings.

Several streams and rivers flow through Biokovo Nature Park, providing habitat for a variety of fish species. One of the most common species found in the park’s waterways is the brown trout (Salmo trutta), a freshwater fish that is prized by anglers.

Overall, Biokovo Nature Park is a treasure trove of fauna, providing habitat for a range of species that are well-adapted to the park’s rugged terrain and harsh climatic conditions. Whether you’re an avid birdwatcher, a nature enthusiast, or simply curious about the creatures that call the park home, a visit to Biokovo is sure to leave you with a deeper appreciation for the beauty and diversity of Croatia’s natural world.


Arrange your trip now!

Your CTC Team

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